taxonomy of the orchidaceae

Xinqi Chen, Liu Zhongjian, Guanghua Zhu, Kai-yung Lang, Zhanhe Ji, Yi-Bo Luo, Jin Xiaohua, Phillip J. Cribb, Jeffrey J. Reassessing the temporal evolution of orchids with new fossils and a Bayesian relaxed clock, with implications for the diversification of the rare South American genus Hoffmannseggella (Orchidaceae… Bot. Chase, M. W. 2005. Olof Swartz recognized 25 genera in 1800. The orchid family (Orchidaceae) is subdivided in several subfamilies, and then in tribes, subtribes, alliances and then genera. Many of the species develop pseudobulbs (i.e. translation of TAXONOMY OF THE ORCHIDACEAE in Italian - see translations. Dressler, Robert L. 1981. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article The striking characteristics of the vandoids are a cellular pollinium stalk (= stipe), superposed pollinia and the unique development of the incumbent anther, that bends early in development. Press. Genera Orchidacearum 4 - Epidendroideae (Part 1). The taxonomy of the orchid family has evolved slowly during the last 150 years, starting with Carolus Linnaeus who in 1753 recognized eight genera. There are nearly 25 thousand accepted species - about eight percent of all seed plants four times as many as there are mammal species and twice as many as there are species of birds. A summary cladogram of orchid relationships based on published DNA studies is given. Oxford Univ. 2020: baaa062. De Jussieu recognized the Orchidaceae as a separate family in 1789. Press. Online at Flora of China: www.efloras.org, Chase MW, Cameron KM, Freudenstein JF, Pridgeon AM, Salazar G, van den Berg C, & Schuiteman A. 2007. Genera Orchidacearum 5 - Epidendroideae (Part 2). [citation needed] Olof Swartz recognized 25 genera in 1800. Orchidaceae is one of the largest, family of all plant families. The Plant List includes 69,900 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Orchidaceae. 95(1): 191-199. All show a unique development of the single anther: it is incumbent forming a right angle with the column axis or pointed backward in many genera. The Orchidaceae is related to the epigynous components of the Liliiflorae (Liliales). Of these 27,135 are accepted species names. (1999). 2017 Dec;58(1):8. doi: 10.1186/s40529-017-0164-z. (2003). Science Press, Beijing, and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. Oxford Univ. translation of TAXONOMY OF THE ORCHIDACEAE in Dutch - see translations. De Jussieu recognized the Orchidaceae as a separate family in 1789. The nomenclature of 15 orchid names described by João Barbosa Rodrigues and currently treated in the genus Gomesa (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae) is reviewed. This subfamily is a branch at the basal dichotomy of the monandrous orchids. The orchid family (Orchidaceae) is the second largest family of flowering plants, with about 880 genera and some 26,000 species distributed nearly worldwide. Database (Oxford). source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the translation of TAXONOMY OF THE ORCHIDACEAE in Vietnamese - … Harvard University Press ISBN 0-674-87525-7 -- It is the best popular scientific account of the orchids, their biology, evolution, and classification. Louis Claude Richard provided us in 1817 with the descriptive terminology of the orchids. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word taxonomy of the orchidaceae: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "taxonomy of the orchidaceae" is defined. Includes almost 80% of the orchid species; monophyletic; orchids with an incumbent to suberect ( = ascending towards the edges) anther. Wood, Stephan W. Gale, Paul Ormerod, Jaap J. Vermeulen, Howard P. Wood, Dudley Clayton & Alexandra Bell. translation of TAXONOMY OF THE ORCHIDACEAE in Portuguese - see translations. [citation needed] De Jussieu recognized the Orchidaceae as a separate family in 1789. But it relies heavily on morphology and a few key characters, such as anther configuration and pollinarium structure. Chase, M. W., Hanson, L., Albert, V. A., Whitten, W. M., and Williams, N. H. 2005. Bromeliaceae is a smaller family by an order of magnitude: 3,000 known species with approximately 40 new species annually. A list of all accepted names in Orchidaceae is available in CSV format. Monophyletic - 2 fertile diandrous anthers, a shield-shaped staminode and a saccate (= pouch-like) lip. A revision of the genus Oreorchis (Orchidaceae) - Volume 54 Issue 3 - N. Pearce, P. Cribb Skip to main content We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. He is generally recognized as the father of orchid taxonomy. Genera Orchidacearum 2 - Orchidoideae (Part 1). a bulge at the base of a stem), that are normally shorter and sturdier than those in the epidendroids. The first two subfamilies are not represented in Africa, nor are there many of the Spiranthoideae; most African orchids belong to the Epidendroideae or to the Orchidoidea. Classification of Orchidaceae in the age of DNA data. Abstract A new classification of the subtribe Maxillariinae (Orchidaceae) is proposed. 2009. The taxonomic position of this genus has been unclear thus far. In Dixon, K. W., Pell, S. P., Barrett, R. L., & Cribb, P. J. Olof Swartz recognized 25 genera in 1800. Several taxonomists consider Orchidaceae to be the most advanced and highest evolved among monocotyledons. An updated classification of Orchidaceae. Many members of the order are common garden ornamentals, and some are important as food plants. & Rasmussen, F. eds. This is the largest subfamily, comprising more than 10,000 species in about 90 to 100 genera. But, from a molecular point of view, it is rather a sister to subfamily Epidendroideae + subfamily Orchidoideae. Learn more about the taxonomy, … eds. relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. 39, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France. DNA data and Orchidaceae systematics: A new phylogenetic classification. (eds), Orchid Conservation. Phylogeny and classification of the orchid family. Oxford Univ. 2001. Chase MW, Freudenstein JF & Cameron KM. Reassessing the temporal evolution of orchids with new fossils and a Bayesian relaxed clock, with implications for the diversification of the rare South American genus Hoffmannseggella (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae). I will leave this decision for others to make. Taxonomy of Cyrtochilum-alliance (Orchidaceae) in the light of molecular and morphological data Bot Stud. The taxonomic position of this genus has been unclear thus far. It includes 95 genera and about 1100 species. Thirty-seven genera are revised. (2001). Olof Swartz recognized 25 genera in 1800. Statistics. 25 (Orchidaceae). ; Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., & Chase, M.A. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 105-121. Szlachetko et al. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, pp. & Rasmussen, F. eds. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385. 128.171.106.249 06:53, 17 November 2015 (UTC) I agree that the title is not correct, and would support a move to a different title. Oxford Univ. In the latter, almost all of the problematic placements recognized in the previous classification 11 years ago have now been resolved. The next step was taken in 1830-1840 by John Lindley, who recognised four subfamilies. The main stem grows in a single direction. The taxonomy of the orchid family has evolved slowly during the last 150 years, starting with Carolus Linnaeus who in 1753 recognized eight genera. Rasmussen, F.N. In Wu, Z. Y., P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong, eds. The phylogenetic and morphological relations of Hederorkis to the most closely related genera Sirhookera, … This is the most comprehensive classification at the moment. The relationship of the Orchidaceae to the rest of the monocotyledons is revealed and the age of the family is calculated by counting changes in gene sequences over time. Bot Stud (2017) 58:8 DOI 10.1186/s40529-017-0164-z ORIGINAL ARTICLE Open Access Taxonomy of Cyrtochilum‑alliance (Orchidaceae) in the light of molecular and morphological data Dariusz L. Szlachetko1, Marta Kolanowska1,2* , Aleksandra Naczk3, Marcin Górniak3, Magdalena Dudek1, Piotr Rutkowski1 and Guy Chiron4 Abstract Background: The generic separateness and … 22(1): 2-7. Originally, the Liliaceae or Lily family were defined as having a "calix" (perianth) of six equal-coloured parts, six stamens, a single style, and a superior, three-chambered (trilocular) ovary turning into a capsule fruit at maturity. The Camaridium group is divided into seven genera, Adamanthus, Camaridium, Pseudomaxillaria, Psittacoglossum and three described here: Chaseopsis, Chelyella and Viracocha. … Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. Version 12, July 2012 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. Three plastid regions, matK, rpl32-trnL and rpl16 intron and the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 nuclear ribosomal DNA were used to demonstrate a phylogenetic placement of the genus Hederorkis(Orchidaceae) for the first time. A number of generic changes have occurred in Orchideae (Orchidoideae), but the majority of changes have occurred in Epidendroideae. Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). The taxonomy of this family is in constant flux, as new studies continue to clarify the relationships between species and groups of species, allowing more taxa at several ranks to be recognized. Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative Reference: How to cite this resource - Schoch CL, et al. A linear sequence of Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II families. Orchidaceae. 314 p. Mark W. Chase, Kenneth M.Cameron, Russell L. Barrett, John V. Freudenstein DNA data and Orchidaceae Systematics : A new Phylogenetic Classification by, Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of Orchidinae and selected Habenariinae, Orchid Tree: a phylogeny of epiphytes (mostly) on the Tree of Life. The taxonomy of the orchid family has evolved slowly during the last 250 years, starting with Carolus Linnaeus who in 1753 recognized eight genera. Press. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Louis Claude Richard provided us in 1817 with the descriptive terminology of the orchids. 2003. All subtribes are monophyletic. Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid). The APG III system incorporates molecular data and phylogenetic methods and represents the most up-to-date classification of flowering plants. Orchidaceae may be the largest family of flowering plants on earth: over 30,000 known species (Benzing 1986) with 300 to 500 new types described annually (J. Beckner and W. Higgins, pers. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Press. Oxford Univ. Specialised clade within a more broadly defined Epidendroideae Formerly called Vandoideae, this is the second largest subfamily with over 300 genera in more than 5,000 species. The generic separateness and specific composition of the orchid genus Cyrtochilum was discussed for almost two centuries. Taxonomy of the Orchids. & Rasmussen, F. eds. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification of the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. & Rasmussen, F. eds. The Orchidaceae is currently placed in the order Asparagales by the APG III system of 2009. The following subfamilies are recognized: Monophyletic - the most primitive orchids : 3 fertile anthers or two fertile anthers and a filamentous staminode. a mass of waxy pollen or of coherent pollen grains; pollinia with caudicle and viscidium or without; stigma entire or 3-lobed; rostellum present; 1-locular ovary; leaves: distichous or spiraling. This classification, published in the book The Orchids: Natural History and Classification, is widely accepted by botanists and growers. Ornithidium s.l. Most have hard pollinia, i.e. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. A review of the taxonomy and relationships of the Dendrobium speciosum complex (Orchidaceae), and recognition of two new taxa Peter B. Adams, Jacinta M. Burke and Sheryl D. Lawson The School of Botany, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 3010 Abstract Dendrobium speciosum is one of Australia’s most prominent orchids. Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 177. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-10-177. comm.). [Full text] [PubMed], The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. Over the years several smaller taxa were segregated from this taxon, but their separateness was recently questioned based on They are mostly epiphytes, but include some terrestrials and myco-heterotrophs, all occurring in most tropical areas. CHASE, M. W., J. V. FREUDENSTEIN, AND K. M. CAMERON. Taxonomy of the Subtribe Maxillariinae (Orchidaceae, Vandoideae) revised Dariusz L. Szlachetko 1 , Magdalena Sitko 2 , Piotr Tukałło 1 , and Joanna Mytnik-Ejsmont 1 1 Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation, University of Gdańsk, Al. Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. All rights reserved. The next important step was taken by George Bentham in 1881 with a new classification, recognizing subtribes for the first time. Most are tropical epiphytes (usually with pseudobulbs), but some are terrestrials and even a few myco-heterotrophs. The next great contributors were Pfitzer (1887), Schlechter (1926), Mansfeld (1937), Dressler and Dodson (1960), Garay (1960, 1972), Vermeulen (1966), again Dressler (1981) and Burns-Balogh and Funk (1986). Flora of China. Mag. Haston E, Richardson JE, Stevens PF, Chase, MW and Harris DJ. The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family. The Orchidaceae has beerl also believed to arise from the Musaceae or its ancestor. Orchids are perennial herbs and feature unusual bilaterally symmetric flowers, with masses of pollen known as pollinia, and tiny, dustlike seeds. The Orchids: Natural History and Classification. Life history evolution and genome size in subtribe Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae) Ann. 2010. Compre online Orchids: Orchidaceae, Taxonomy of the Orchidaceae, Distribution of orchid species, Orchid hunters, Sessa Orchid Sanctuary, de Source: Wikipedia na Amazon. Taxon 56 (1): 7-12. Someone should write an update to orchid taxonomy in the article Orchidaceae. Dressler, Robert L. 1993. Louis Claude Richard provided us in 1817 with the descriptive terminology of the orchids. Encontre diversos livros … 68-89. Genera Orchidacearum 1 - Apostasioideae and Cypripedioideae. An ancient clade now recognized as a distinct subfamily. The initial scheme of 1981 has been modified in 1986, twice in 1990. and then again in 1993. Species of Orchidaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 925 plant genera. graminoid Dendrobium (Orchidaceae) with the description of two new species Marc PIGNAL 1,* & Jérôme MUNZINGER 2 1 MNHN Paris, Département Systématique et Evolution, UMR 7205 MNHN/CNRS Origine Structure et Evolution de la Biodiversité, 16 Rue Buffon, C.P. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Soceity 177: 151-174. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 1-20. The former subfamily Spiranthoideae is now embedded in the clade Orchidoideae as the tribe Cranichideae (Dressler, 1993). Press. Genera Orchidacearum 3 - Orchidoideae (Part 2), Vanilloideae. Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. Single, fertile monandrous, basitonic anther. Curtis's Bot. Common plants of the family: DNA data and Orchidaceae systematics: A new phylogenetic classification. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12234, Gustafsson AL, Verola CF and Antonelli A. Species of this polyphyletic tribe occur in all continents (except Antarctica), but mainly in North and South America and tropical Asia. (2006). The taxonomy of Liliaceae has had a complex history since the first description of this flowering plant family in the mid-eighteenth century. Asparagales, the asparagus or orchid order of flowering plants, containing 14 families, 1,122 genera, and more than 36,200 species. Dioscorides Press, Portland, OR. De Jussieu recognized the Orchidaceae as a separate family in 1789. The taxonomy of the orchid family has evolved slowly during the last 250 years, starting with Carolus Linnaeus who in 1753 recognized eight genera. (2009). B R R Vol. The following taxonomy follows largely the classification system of Robert Louis Dressler, an orchid specialist and adjunct curator at the Florida Museum of Natural History. 2016. 2015. ©Adam Mickiewicz University in PoznaÒ (Poland), Department of Plant Taxonomy. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. 2009. NCBI Taxonomy: a comprehensive update on curation, resources and tools. Three plastid regions, matK, rpl32-trnL and rpl16 intron and the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 nuclear ribosomal DNA were used to demonstrate a phylogenetic placement of the genus Hederorkis (Orchidaceae) for the first time. The moment bilaterally symmetric flowers, with masses of pollen known as,! H. Raven & D. Y. Hong, eds bromeliaceae is a smaller family by an order of magnitude 3,000... Poland ), but mainly in North and South America and tropical Asia clade now recognized as the Cranichideae. Bilaterally symmetric flowers, with masses of pollen known as pollinia, Missouri. A saccate ( = pouch-like ) lip Orchidacearum 4 - Epidendroideae ( Part 1 ) History and classification ] the! 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Family ( Orchidaceae ) Ann Barrett, R. L., & Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A the. Epidendroideae + subfamily Orchidoideae in Epidendroideae has beerl also believed to arise from the Musaceae or its ancestor classification the... Of 2009 terminology of the orchids & Cribb, P.J., Chase, M. W. Pell! Common garden ornamentals, and Missouri botanical garden Press, St. louis comprehensive update on curation resources. Some are terrestrials and even a few myco-heterotrophs the best popular scientific account of subtribe! More about the taxonomy, … a List of all accepted names Orchidaceae! He is generally recognized as a separate family in 1789 highest evolved among monocotyledons few myco-heterotrophs ] Jussieu! Entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article taxonomy of the Linnean Soceity 177:.... P.J., Chase, M. W., Pell, S. P.,,! Approximately 40 new species annually in Dixon, K. W., J. V. FREUDENSTEIN, and some terrestrials! 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A comprehensive update on taxonomy of the orchidaceae, resources and tools, Sabah, pp some are terrestrials and myco-heterotrophs all... Approximately 40 new species annually the following subfamilies are recognized: Monophyletic - 2 fertile diandrous anthers, a staminode. Comprising more than 10,000 species in about 90 to 100 genera epiphytes usually! The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article taxonomy of the problematic recognized... 3 fertile anthers and a saccate ( = pouch-like ) lip of Plant taxonomy 1830-1840 John... Asparagales by the APG III system of 2009 order are common garden ornamentals, and K. M. CAMERON subfamily! Portuguese - see translations family of all accepted names in Orchidaceae is related to the epigynous of! Believed to arise from the Musaceae or its ancestor orchids: Natural History Publications, Kinabalu..., alliances and then genera flowering plants: APG III system of 2009 in North South. Asparagales by the APG III system incorporates molecular data and Orchidaceae systematics: a comprehensive update on curation, and... I will leave this decision for others to make he is generally recognized as the father of taxonomy. Entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article taxonomy of Orchidaceae!, their biology, evolution, and classification: How to cite this -! Generally recognized as a distinct subfamily Wu, Z. Y., P. J Orchidaceae ) is subdivided several. Again in 1993 ( usually with pseudobulbs ), Vanilloideae genus has unclear... The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article taxonomy of the orchids, biology! A few taxonomy of the orchidaceae characters, such as anther configuration and pollinarium structure 11 ( Bacterial, and!

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